View test prep - james rachels - utilitarianism from philosophy philosophy at boston university academy chapter 7 the utilitarian approach the greatest happiness of the greatest number is the. Rule-utilitarianism, the new version of the theory which rules are established by reference to the principle and individual’s acts will then be judged right and wrong by reference to the rules act-utilitarianism is the original theory.
Study guide: james rachels – the debate over utilitarianism 1 explain the three key points that rachels identifies as central to the utilitarian viewpoint. James rachels jump to navigation jump to search james w rachels born: 30 may 1941 columbus, georgia, united rachels realized that a lifetime of analysing specific moral issues had led him to adopt the general ethic of utilitarianism, according to which actions are assessed by their effects on both human and nonhuman happiness works. Utilitarianism reply to the objections by analysing first the problem, then judge whether that action is right or not before thinking the consequence to the action made lastly, utilitarianism thinks about the happiness of their consequences for others.
James w rachels (may 30, 1941 – september 5, 2003) was an american philosopher who specialized in ethics and animal rights.
Rachels, ch 8: the debate over utilitarianism three features of utilitarianism: 1 one: only consequences matter a right acts determined solely by the goodness of the results b what kind of act it is, the motive behind the act, and the kind of person who did the act don't matter all that matters in determining if an act is right/wrong is its consequences.
Rachels rejects hedonism (while utilitarianism embraces it) c hedonism = idea that happiness is the only thing good in itself, or that pleasure is the only intrinsic good/pain the only intrinsic bad.
I expect to learn what are the thing that james rachels about utilitarianism book review: the first proposition is when we judge our actions base on what we know is right and wrong. Professor james rachels critiqued the philosophy of utilitarianism, mainly by attacking the following points: actions are judged to be right or wrong only on the basis of their consequences the only consequence that matters is whether happiness or unhappiness results.