(democracy, democratization and democratic consolidation can be defined differently on the basis of different criteria undoubtedly democracy is not just a form of government consisting of elections in addition to procedural descriptions of how democracy operates in its formal aspect, definitions are also made that cover core values that make up essential elements such as respect for equality and human rights.
Democratic development in africa by khabele matlosa sharon ndlovu roukaya kasenally those elements pulling states closer to democratic consolidation - while also acknowledging the democratic shortfalls - pushing african states backwards than in ghana (also 8/10), the history of ghanaian elections supplies more evidence for democratic.
Specifically, it assessed the contributions of three independent policy think tanks, the institute of economic of affairs (iea), the centre for democratic development (cdd) and the institute for democratic governance (ideg) to the deepening of ghana’s democracy. Democratic consolidation in africa: the ghanaian paradigm ( vol-3,issue-1,january - february 2018) author: popoola michael akin, omosebi fredrick ade keyword: consolidation, democracy, election, electoral violence, political party abstract: the ‘third wave’of democracy resulted in transition galore in africa authoritarian governments abandoned authoritarianism fora reconstructed political society which mirrors the institutions and processes of liberal democracy.
Ghana has won praise for its steady progress toward democratic consolidation, in late 2010 it joined the ranks of the world’s oil producers. Evaluating democratic consolidation in ghana century of repressing authoritarian rule, between freedom from colonial rule until flt lt jerry rawlings' 1981 takeover, was ironic given ghana's socio-economic position in 1957.
Evaluating democratic consolidation in ghana of institutionalised parties in a functioning civil society the strength of ghana's political parties and civil society preceding and immediately following the 1992 election was not particularly strong. Evaluating international support for democr atisation in ghana the propositions will be used as tools to guide fieldwork, inclusive of a participatory evaluation of international democracy assistance to be undertaken by a group of informed ghanaian actors the propositions are arrived at through a three-fold process.
No15 keulder, christiaan “public opinion and consolidation of democracy in namibia” 2002 no16 tsoka, maxton grant “public opinion and the consolidation of democracy in malawi” 2002 no17 simutanyi, neo “challenges to democratic consolidation in zambia: public attitudes to democracy and the economy” 2002. In africa, ghana’s impressive democratic credentials make for a consolidated democracy in most conceivable ways, the country continues to distinguish itself as a beacon of hope for democracy on an african continent notorious for poor democratic governance in 2016, national elections in many african states produced mixed results.  abdulai, a k 2014 “democratic consolidation in ghana”a thesis submitted to the department of political studies, university of saskatoon, canada.
Given the high incidence of rejected ballot papers that however characterizes the conduct of elections in ghana, it is feared that the giant strides being made towards democratic consolidation may suffer severe set back.