Chinese philosophy refers to any of several schools of philosophical thought in the chinese tradition, including confucianism, taoism, legalism, buddhism and mohism (see below for brief introductions to these schools.
Legalism remained a go-to philosophy throughout china's history up into modern times whenever a government has felt it might be losing control it has resorted to some degree of legalism the days of the supremacy of legalism in china were over, though. Fajia (chinese: 法家 pinyin: fǎjiā) or legalism is one of sima tan's six classical schools of thought in chinese philosophy.
Legalism, school of chinese philosophy that attained prominence during the turbulent warring states era (475–221 bce) and, through the influence of the philosophers shang yang, li si, and hanfeizi, formed the ideological basis of china’s first imperial dynasty, the qin (221–207 bce.
Qin dynasty, emperor shi huangdi adopts legalism as state philosophy and bans all others 712 ce - 756 ce taoism becomes official religion of china under the emperor xuanzong. In this context, legalism here can bear the meaning of political philosophy that uphold the rule of law and thus, distinguished from the word's western sense hanfeizi believed that a ruler should govern his subjects by the following trinity.
Legalism and chinese philosophy in contrast to taoism's intuitive anarchy, and confucianism's benevolence, legalism is a classical chinese philosophy that emphasizes the need for order above all other human concerns the political doctrine developed during the brutal years of the fourth century bce (schafer 83.
Although the people's republic of china has been historically hostile to the philosophy of ancient china, the influences of past are still deeply ingrained in the chinese culture in the post- chinese economic reform era, modern chinese philosophy has reappeared in forms such as the new confucianism.