Former tunisian president habib bourguiba, once known as president-for-life and credited with founding modern-day tunisia, died april 6 he was 96 mr bourguiba, deposed in a 1987 bloodless palace coup, had been hospitalized march 5 in critical condition at the military hospital in tunis.
Zine al-abidine ben ali, tunisia's ousted president photograph: fethi belaid/afp/getty images after hours of conflicting reports had him criss-crossing southern europe by air, the saudi state news agency confirmed he had arrived in the kingdom together with his family. Zine el abidine ben ali (arabic: زين العابدين بن علي , zayn al-'ābidīn bin 'alī born 3 september 1936) is a tunisian former politician who served as president of tunisia from 1987 until his ousting in 2011.
Habib ben ali bourguiba (arabic: الحبيب بورقيبة al-ḥabīb būrqībah 3 august 1903 – 6 april 2000) was a tunisian lawyer, nationalist leader and statesman who served as the country's leader from independence in 1956 to 1987. But since november 1987, after being toppled by then-prime minister zine el-abidine ben ali, he had lived in the shadows in monastir, an all-but-forgotten man, frail and solitary. Thus, he found in general zine el-abidine ben ali, appointed minister of the interior in 1986, the support against islamism therefore, he raised him to the rank of prime minister in october 1987 bourguiba had been in ill health from the 1970s onward.
For decades under former president habib bourguiba and especially under the police state of former president zine el-abidine ben ali, the military after the 2011 revolution has begun to see its fortunes reverse the political transition has arab civil-military relations 2. Zine al-abidine ben ali: zine al-abidine ben ali, army officer and politician who served as president of tunisia (1987–2011) ben ali was trained in france at the military academy of saint-cyr and at the artillery school at châlons-sur-marne.
Alongside tunisia’s political revolution has been the beginning of a transition in its civil-military relations marginalized for decades under former president habib bourguiba and especially under the police state of former president zine el-abidine ben ali, the military after the 2011 revolution has begun to see its fortunes reverse. Tunisia under ben ali was a police state par excellence and reforming the country’s internal security apparatus has thus been one of the major challenges since the long-standing auto- crat’s fall. Tunisia after ben ali: retooling the tools of oppression executive summary zine el abidine ben ali, in january 2011 the country has made tunisia under ben ali was generally viewed as one of the most heavily policed states in the world estimates by both.